Special Feature: The Sea Surface Microlayer - Linking the Ocean and Atmosphere


Sea surface microlayer in a changing ocean – A perspective
Oliver Wurl, Werner Ekau, William M. Landing, Christopher J. Zappa

Research Article
Enriching particles on a bubble through drainage: Measuring and modeling the concentration of microbial particles in a bubble film at rupture
Peter L. L. Walls and James C. Bird

Research Article
The influence of environmental drivers on the enrichment of organic carbon in the sea surface microlayer and in submicron aerosol particles – measurements from the Atlantic Ocean
Manuela van Pinxteren, Stefan Barthel, Khanneh Wadinga Fomba, Konrad Müller, Wolf von Tümpling and Hartmut Herrmann

Research Article
Trace elements in the sea surface microlayer: rapid responses to changes in aerosol deposition
Alina M. Ebling, William M. Landing

Research Article
High-resolution variability of the enrichment of fluorescence dissolved organic matter in the sea surface microlayer of an upwelling region
Nur Ili Hamizah Mustaffa, Mariana Ribas-Ribas, Oliver Wurl

Research Article
Seasonal dynamics of atmospheric and river inputs of black carbon, and impacts on biogeochemical cycles in Halong Bay, Vietnam
Xavier Mari, Thuoc Chu Van, Benjamin Guinot, Justine Brune, Jean-Pierre Lefebvre, Patrick Raimbault, Thorsten Dittmar, Jutta Niggemann

Research Article
Relative abundance of Bacillus spp., surfactant-associated bacterium present in a natural sea slick observed by satellite SAR imagery over the Gulf of Mexico
Kathryn Lynn Howe, Cayla Whitney Dean, John Kluge, Alexander Victor Soloviev, Aurelien Tartar, Mahmood Shivji, Susanne Lehner, William Perrie

Research Article
Bacterial-viral interactions in the sea surface microlayer of a black carbon-dominated tropical coastal ecosystem (Halong Bay, Vietnam)
A. S. Pradeep Ram, X. Mari, J. Brune, J. P. Torréton, V. T. Chu, P. Raimbault, J. Niggemann, T. Sime-Ngando

Research Article
Sniffle: a step forward to measure in situ CO2 fluxes with the floating chamber technique
Mariana Ribas-Ribas, L. F. Kilcher, Oliver Wurl

Research Article
Influence of solar radiation on biogeochemical parameters and fluorescent dissolved organic matter (FDOM) in the sea surface microlayer of the southern coastal North Sea
M. L. Miranda, N. I. H. Mustaffa, T. B. Robinson, C. Stolle, M. Ribas-Ribas, O. Wurl, O. Zielinski

Biological modification of mechanical properties of the sea surface microlayer, influencing waves, ripples, foam and air-sea fluxes
Ian R. Jenkinson, Seuront Laurent, Haibing Ding, Florence Elias









Collection launched: 20 Oct 2016

Principle Investigators

Oliver Wurl, Institute for Chemistry and Biology of the Marine Environment, University of Oldenburg
Michael Cunliffe, Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 


The sea surface microlayer is the boundary interface between atmosphere and ocean, covering 70% of Earth’s surface. It typically has physical, chemical and biological properties measurably distinct from underlying waters. The unique position of the sea surface microlayer gives it a central role in global biogeochemical cycles and climate-related processes. This special feature of Elementa presents state-of-the-art science on this important interface with contributions across a range of disciplines, including trace metal biogeochemistry, air-sea gas exchange, marine microbiology, organic chemistry and modelling. The research covers a broad range of oceanic ecosystems, from coastal seas to open ocean and from polar regions to tropical waters.